Shinyaeva Ol'ga Viktorovna, Doctor of sociological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of political sciences, sociology and public relations, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (32 Severnyy Venets street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), email@example.com
Fadeeva Tat'yana Vasil'evna, Postgraduate student, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (32 Severnyy Venets street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. In a situation of unstable economy, increase of the frequency of financial crises and structural unemployment, the role of health as a resource of student’s adaptation in the social space of a university becomes topical. The main purpose of this article is to determine the state of health of today's university studentsand its role in the choice of strategies for adaptive behavior in a process of profession receiving.
Materials and methods. The analysis is based on generalization of results of the all-Russian secondary research as well as empirical data of several authors’ researches in a number of universities of the Volga Federal District. The research methodology of student’s adaptation includes the statements on behavioral practices, key strategies of career development and professional competencies, criteria of success.
Results. The sociological analysis of student’s adaptation includes the study of student’s behavior and the adaptive situation, associated with adaptation to the educational requirements, understanding of the correctness of the profession choice. Within academic and professional adaptation the authors found out specific objects, functions and results of adaptiveness. The result of successful implementation of behavioral strategies is academic, social and professional mobility of students. The authors sort out the types of students that use conformist and innovative adaptation strategies. Students with limited health resources often use innovative practices at the university.
Conclusions. The mutual influence of health on adaptation and adaptability on health is proved in the article. Students, who do not have strong health and other potential, use more active adaptation practices, which compensate their physical, social and financial constraints. Contradictory impact of human capital on the choice of adaptation models is associated with underestimation of the health resource at young age.
1. Zdravookhranenie v Rossii. 2013: Stat. sb. [Healthcare in Russia. 2013: statistical collection]. Russian Statistics Committee. Moscow, 2013, 380 p.
2. Veber M. Izbrannye proizvedeniya [Selected works]. Moscow: Nauka, 1990, 710 p.
3. Parsons T. O sotsial'nykh sistemakh [On social systems]. Moscow: Akademicheskiy prospekt, 2002, 354 p.
4. Parsons T. Strukturno-funktsional'nyy analiz v sovremennoy sotsiologii [Structuralfunctional analysis in modern sociology]. Moscow: Izd-vo MGU, 2003, 420 p.
5. Merton R. Sotsial'naya struktura i anomiya [Social structure and anomia]. Moscow: Progress, 1996, 355 p.
6. Berry J .W. Acculturation as varieties of adaptation. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2003, 279 p.
7. Belyaeva L. A. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological research]. 2001, no. 6, pp. 44–53.
8. Shabanova M. A. Mir Rossii [The world of Russia]. 2001, no. 3, pp. 78–104.
9. Korel' L. V. Sotsiologiya adaptatsiy: voprosy teorii, metodologii i metodiki [Sociology of adaptation: problems of theory, methodology and technique]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2005, 424 p.
10. Kosharnaya G. B., Yurtaev N. A. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Social sciences]. 2008, no. 3, pp. 12–20.
11. Shinyaeva O. V., Klyueva T. V. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Social sciences]. 2011, no. 2, pp. 35–44
12. Padiarova A. B. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Social sciences]. 2009, no. 1, pp. 2–12.